Book: The Global Encyclopedia of Informality


While scouring the web for freebies this morning, I came across something that may be of interest to many readers here: The Global Encyclopedia of Informality, University College London, 2018, in two volumes.;keyword=informality


Here’s the table of contents for Volume 1:


PART I Redistribution


The substantive ambivalence: relationships vs use of relationships


Preface by Alena Ledeneva 31

1 Neither gift nor commodity: the instrumentality of sociability 35

Introduction: economies of favours by Nicolette Makovicky and David Henig 35

1.1 Blat (Russia) by Alena Ledeneva 40

1.2 Jeitinho (Brazil) by Fernanda de Paiva 43

1.3 Sociolismo (Cuba) by Matthew Cherneski 46

1.4 Compadrazgo (Chile) by Larissa Adler Lomnitz 49

1.5 Pituto (Chile) by Dana Brablec Sklenar 52

1.6 Štela (Bosnia and Herzegovina) by Čarna Brković and Karla Koutkova 54

1.7 Veza (Serbia) by Dragan Stanojevic and Dragana Stokanic 58

1.8 Vrski (Macedonia) by Justin Otten 62

1.9 Vruzki (Bulgaria) by Tanya Chavdarova 64

1.10 Natsnoboba (Georgia) by Huseyn Aliyev 67

1.11 Tanish-bilish (Uzbekistan) by Rano Turaeva 71

1.12 Guanxi (China) by Mayfair Yang 75

1.13 Inmaek/Yonjul (South Korea) by Sven Horak 79

1.14 Tapş (Azerbaijan) by Leyla Sayfutdinova 82

1.15 Agashka (Kazakhstan) by Natsuko Oka 86

1.16 Zalatwianie (Poland) by Paulina Pieprzyca 89

1.17 Vitamin B (Germany) by Ina Kubbe 91

1.18 Jinmyaku (Japan) by Sven Horak 94

1.19 Jaan-pehchaan (India) by Denise Dunlap 96

1.20 Aidagara (Japan) by Yoshimichi Sato 100

1.21 Amici, amigos (Mediterranean and Latin America) by Christian Giordano 102

Conclusion: managing favours in a global economy by Sheila M. Puffer and Daniel J. McCarthy 106

Bibliography to Chapter 1 110


2 Neither gift nor payment: the sociability of instrumentality 125

Introduction: vernaculars of informality by Nicolette Makovicky and David Henig 125

2.1 Okurimono no shûkan (Japan) by Katherine Rupp 128

2.2 Songli (China) by Liang Han 132

2.3 Hongbao (China) by Lei Tan 136

2.4 L’argent du carburant (sub-Saharan Africa) by Thomas Cantens 139

2.5 Paid favours (UK) by Colin C. Williams 144

2.6 Egunje (Nigeria) by Dhikru Adewale Yagboyaju 147

2.7 Baksheesh (Middle East, North Africa and sub-continental Asia) by James McLeod-Hatch 151

2.8 Magharich’ (Armenia) by Meri Avetisyan 154

2.9 Kalym (Russia) by Jeremy Morris 157

2.10 Mita (Romanian Gabor Roma) by Péter Berta 160

2.11 Pozornost’/d’akovné/všimné (Slovakia) by Andrej Školkay 164

2.12 Biombo (Costa Rica) by Bruce M. Wilson and Evelyn Villarreal Fernández 168

2.13 Mordida (Mexico) by Claudia Baez-Camargo 171

2.14 Coima (Argentina) by Cosimo Stahl 174

2.15 Chorizo (Latin America) by Evelyn Villarreal Fernández and Bruce M. Wilson 177

2.16 Aploksne/aploksnīte (Latvia) by Iveta Kažoka and Valts Kalnins 179

2.17 Fakelaki (Greece) by Daniel M. Knight 182

2.18 Cash for access (UK) by Jonathan Webb 184

2.19 Korapsen (Papua New Guinea) by Grant W. Walton 187

2.20 Bustarella (Italy) by Simona Guerra 190

2.21 Dash (Nigeria and other West African countries) by Daniel Jordan Smith 193

Conclusion: ‘interested’ vs ‘disinterested’ giving: defining extortion, reciprocity and pure gifts in the connected worlds by Florence Weber 196

Bibliography to Chapter 2 199


PART II Solidarity


The normative ambivalence of double standards: ‘us’ vs ‘them’


Preface by Alena Ledeneva 213

3 Conformity: the lock-in effect of social ties 217

Introduction: group identity and the ambivalence of norms by Eric Gordy 217

Kinship lock-in 220

3.1 Adat (Chechnya) by Nicolè M. Ford 220

3.2 Ch’ir (Chechnya and Ingushetia) by Emil Aslan Souleimanov 224

3.3 Uruuchuluk (Kyrgyzstan) by Aksana Ismailbekova 226

3.4 Rushyldyq (Kazakhstan) by Dana Minbaeva and Maral Muratbekova-Touron 230

3.5 Yongo (South Korea) by Sven Horak 233

3.6 Kumstvo (Montenegro and the Balkans) by Klavs Sedlenieks 237

3.7 Azganvan popokhutyun (Armenian diaspora in Georgia) by Anri Grigorian 240

3.8 Wantoks and kastom (Solomon Islands, Melanesia) by Gordon Leua Nanau 244

3.9 Bapakism (Indonesia) by Dodi W. Irawanto 248

Closed community lock-in 251

3.10 Krugovaia poruka (Russia and Europe) by Geoffrey Hosking 251

3.11 Janteloven/Jantelagen (Scandinavia) by Morten Jakobsen 254

3.12 Hyvä Veli (Finland) by Besnik Shala 259

3.13 Old boy network (UK) by Philip Kirby 262

3.14 Klüngel (Germany) by Lea Gernemann 265

3.15 Vetterliwirtschaft/Copinage (Switzerland) by Lucy Koechlin 267

3.16 Tal (alt. taljenje, taliti, utaliti, rastaliti) (Serbia and countries of former Yugoslavia) by Danko Runić 270

3.17 Mateship (Australia) by Bob Pease 274

Semi-closed lock-in 277

3.18 Sitwa (Poland) by Piotr Koryś and Maciej Tymiński 277

3.19 Barone universitario (Italy) by Simona Guerra 280

3.20 Keiretsu (Japan) by Katsuki Aoki 284

3.21 Kanonieri qurdebi (Georgia) by Alexander Kupatadze 287

3.22 Silovye Gruppirovki (Bulgaria) by Igor Mitchnik 292

3.23 Omertà (Italy) by Anna Sergi 296

3.24 Nash chelovek (Russia) by Åse Berit Grødeland and Leslie Holmes 299

Modern and youth solidarities 303

3.25 Birzha (Georgia) by Costanza Curro 303

3.26 Dizelaši (Serbia) by Elena G. Stadnichenko 306

3.27 Normalnye patsany (Russia) by Svetlana Stephenson 308

3.28 Futbolna frakcia (Bulgaria) by Kremena Iordanova 311


Conclusion: organic solidarity and informality – two irreconcilable concepts? by Christian Giordano 314

Bibliography to Chapter 3 318


4 The unlocking power of non-conformity: cultural resistance vs political opposition 336

Introduction: the grey zones between cultural and political by Peter Zusi 336

4.1 Artistic repossession (general) by Christina Ezrahi 339

4.2 Magnitizdat (Russia) by James Taylor 342

4.3 Roentgenizdat (Russia) by James Taylor 346

4.4 Samizdat (USSR) by Jillian Forsyth 350

4.5 Materit’sya (Russia) by Anastasia Shekshnya 353

4.6 Padonki language (Russia) by Larisa Morkoborodova 357

4.7 Verlan (France) by Rebecca Stewart 362

4.8 Avos’ (Russia) by Caroline Humphrey 365

4.9 Graffiti (general) by Milena Ciric 368

4.10 Hacktivism (general) by Alex Gekker 371

Conclusion: ambiguities of accommodation, resistance and rebellion by Jan Kubik 374

Bibliography to Chapter 4 378


Concluding remarks to Volume 1: what is old and what is new in the dialectics of ‘us’ and ‘them’?

Zygmunt Bauman 385


Glossary 389

Index 400

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