A posting at the Daily Nous blog by Bharath Vallabha raises this question. He begins:
What should be the relation of a philosophy department to the country it is in? For example, is there a sense in which a philosophy department in America ought to be distinctly American, tied more closely to the history, culture and identity of America than to that of other countries? Or should the fact that the department is in America be irrelevant to the philosophical work that is done in the department?
I will call the former view, that the department ought to be distinctly American in some sense, nationalism. And I will call the latter view universalism.